The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA, 2014) is a legislative mandate focused on improving the employment outcomes of secondary students with disabilities. WIOA requires that funding from the State/Federal Vocational Rehabilitation
System be used to ensure that state vocational rehabilitation agencies (e.g., Illinois Department of Human Services [IDHS]) in collaboration with schools provide
pre-employment transition services (pre-ETS) to all students with disabilities who qualify, or could potentially qualify, for vocational rehabilitation services. Under WIOA, teachers and vocational rehabilitation counselors must engage students in
five required pre-ETS: (a) job exploration counseling, (b) work-based learning experiences, (c) counseling on opportunities for enrollment in comprehensive transition or postsecondary educational programs,
(d) workplace readiness training to develop social skills and independent living, and (e) instruction in self-advocacy. This brief will provide an overview of student eligibility, the five required pre-ETS, additional pre-ETS that may be available,
and pre-ETS coordination activities.
According to the WIOA, students are eligible for pre-ETS if they:
According to the WIOA, there are five required pre-ETS.
According to WIOA, if funds remain, Vocational Rehabilitation agencies may provide the following services to improve the transition and employment outcomes of students with disabilities:
According to the WIOA, pre-ETS funds may be used for the following pre-employment transition coordination activities:
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Mazzotti, V. L. & Test, D. W. (2020). Transition from school to employment and postsecondary education. In F. Brown, J. McDonnell, & M. Snell (Eds.), Instruction of students with severe disabilities (9th ed., pp. 525-574). Routledge.
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Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, 29 U.S.C. § 3101 (2014). https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/PLAW-113publ128/pdf/PLAW-113publ128.pdf
Workforce Innovation and Technical Assistance Center (2016). Work-based learning activities. http://www.wintac.org/topic-areas/preemployment-transition-services/overview/workbased-learning-experiences